Baghdad Vacation Trips
Baghdad History - A centre of learning (8th to 13th centuries)-The end of the Abbasids in Baghdad
Vacation Holiday Trips offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.
A centre of learning (8th to 13th centuries)-The end of the Abbasids in Baghdad
By the 10th century, the city's population was between 1.2 million and 2 million. Baghdad's early meteoric growth eventually slowed due to troubles within the Caliphate, including relocations of the capital to Samarra, the loss of the western and easternmost provinces, and periods of political domination by the Iranian Buwayhids and Seljuk Turks.
The Seljuks were a clan of the Oghuz Turks from the Siberian steppes that converted to the Sunni branch of Islam. In 1040, they destroyed the Ghaznavids, taking over their land and in 1055, Tughril Beg, the leader of the Seljuks, took over Baghdad. The Seljuks expelled the Buyids dynasty of Shiites that ruled for some time and took over power and control of Baghdad. They ruled as Sultans in the name of the Abbasid caliphs Tughril Beg saw himself as the protector of the Abbasid Caliphs. On February 10, 1258, Baghdad was captured by the Mongols led by Hulegu, a grandson of Chingiz Khan during the sack of Baghdad. Many quarters were ruined by fire, siege, or looting. The Mongols massacred most of the city's inhabitants, including the caliph Al-Musta'sim, and destroyed large sections of the city. The canals and dykes forming the city's irrigation system were also destroyed. The sack of Baghdad put an end to the Abbasid Caliphate, a blow from which the Islamic civilization never fully recovered.
At this point Baghdad was ruled by the Il-Khanids, the Mongol emperors of Iran. In 1401, Baghdad was again sacked, by Timur. When his forces took Baghdad, he spared almost no one, and ordered that each of his soldiers bring back two severed human heads. It became a provincial capital controlled by the Jalayirid, Kara Koyunlu, Ak Koyunlu, and the Iranian Safavid dynasties.
Vacation Holiday Trips also showcase a unique blend of travel and leisure photos and stories, updates, events and announcements about roads, shopping malls, hotels, bed and breakfast, restaurants, groceries and more. Not just a travel guide but one-of-a-kind discovery of people and places.
Baghdad, Middle East - Baghdad Hotels - Baghdad Hotel & Suites - Baghdad Travel
Baghdad Travel Informations and Baghdad Travel Guides
Baghdad Name - Baghdad Geography & Climate - Baghdad Administrative Divisions
Baghdad Economy - Baghdad Cuilture: Institutions - Sights and monuments -Baghdad Zoo - Baghdad Sport
Baghdad Reconstruction efforts - Baghdad Town Twinning
Baghdad History: Founding of Baghdad - The making of Baghdad - The surrounding wall
Golden Gate Palace - The Abbasids and the round city - A centre of learning (8th to 13th centuries):
The end of the Abbasids in Baghdad - Ottoman Baghdad (16th to 19th centuries) - 20th century
Baghdad Tourist Attractions: Al Shaheed Monuments - Baghdad Zoo - Shaheed Monument - The Latin Church
Arahman Mosque - National Museum of Iraq - The Armenian Orthodox Church
Other Middle East and Middle East Travel Destinations
Baghdad | Bahrain | Iraq | Jordan | Kuwait | Lebanon | Oman | Palestine | Qatar | Saudi Arabia
Syria | United Arab Emirates | Yemen
All Rights Reserved. © Copyright